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noaa legacy timeline 1900-1969
1807 - 1899 | 1900 - 1969 | 1970 - 2000

1970 -
February 9, 100th Anniversary of formation of Weather Bureau.
October 3, NOAA created within Dept of Commerce combining Bureau of Commercial Fisheries, Weather Bureau, Coast and Geodetic Survey, Environmental Data Service, National Oceanographic Data Center, National Satellite Center, Research Libraries, and other components.

1971 - February 9, 100th Anniversary of the formation of the oldest ancestor agency of the National Marine Fisheries Service. First Sea Grant Colleges designated - Texas A&M University, University of Rhode Island, Oregon State University, and the University of Washington.

1972 - Marine Protection, Research and Sanctuaries Act establishes NOAA's National Marine Sanctuaries Program. National Coastal Zone Management Program begins. NOAA Corps becomes first uniformed service to recruit women on the same basis as men.

1973 - Endangered Species Act enacted; NMFS designated responsible agency for marine species.

1975 - GOES-1, NOAA's first owned and operated geostationary satellite launched. Site of final resting place of U.S.S. Monitor designated as NOAA's first National Marine Sanctuary. P-3 Orion "Hurricane Hunter"aircraft acquired. "Charlie 39", NOAA DC-6B research aircraft retired after 321 penetrations of 42 hurricanes.

1976 - Magnuson-Stevens Fisheries Conservation and Management Act provides for NMFS protection of fisheries resources and enforcement activities in federal waters. The Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL) deploys the first successful moored equatorial current meter - the beginning of the Tropical Atmosphere/ Ocean (TAO) array.

1978 - Ocean Pollution Planning Act recognizes need to investigate effects of pollutants on marine environment. This marks the beginning of NOAA's Hazardous Materials Response and Assessment (HAZMAT) involvement.

1979 - NOAA's first polar-orbiting environmental satellite launched.

1980 - National Undersea Research Program (NURP) established. "Dean of the Cooperative Weather Observers," Mr. Edward H. Stoll of Elwood,
Nebraska, is honored Mr. Stoll had faithfully served as a Cooperative
Observer since October 10, 1905.

1982 - National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) established in Boulder, CO.

1983 - President Ronald Reagan declares a United States Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) extending out 200 nautical miles from our shores. NOAA embarks on program of multi-beam surveying of the EEZ leading to many discoveries including numerous economically important salt domes in the Gulf of Mexico. NOAA assumes operational responsibility for LANDSAT satellite system.

1984 - Tropical Ocean-Global Atmosphere (TOGA) program begins in response to massive 1982 El Nino. Moored buoy arrays with ocean temperature sensors monitor changes in the temperature regime of the tropical Pacific Ocean.

1985 - Earth Observation Satellite Company (EOSAT) assumes operation of LANDSAT; National Acid Precipitation Research Office established for coordinating efforts to study acid rain.

1986 - NOAA's Aeronomy Laboratory begins investigation of the Antarctic ozone hole at McMurdo Base, Antarctica.

1987 - NOAA GOES-7 satellite launched.

1988 - 75th Anniversary of the U.S. Department of Commerce.

1989 - North American Datum of 1983 (NAD83) approved for federal
surveying and mapping activities; first official horizontal reference point established.

1990 - NOAA assumes operation of Cospas-Sarsat (Space-Based System for the Search of Vessels in Distress) program from the U.S. Air Force. The National Meteorological Center nstalled a supercomputer - the Cray Y-MP8 - to run higher resolution and more sophisticated numerical weather production models.

1992 - Following repeated collapse of New England ground fishing stocks, NMFS initiates large-scale ecosystem study of Georges Bank. First installations of WSR-88D Doppler Weather Radars at Weather Service Forecast Offices around the country and first installations of Automated Surface Observing Systems.

1993 - North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD88) approved for geodesy.

1994 - NOAA Coastal Service Center opened in Charleston, SC; National Polar-Orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System Office established to coordinate efforts of civil and military satellite users.

1996 - Sustainable Fisheries Act passed giving NMFS new responsibilities. First NOAA ship-at-sea web page on NOAA Ship Ka'Imimoana.

1997 - Ronald H. Brown commissioned; first new NOAA ship in 15 years; NOAA's Science Advisory Board established.

1997/98 - NOAA successfully forecasts world-wide impact of El Niño.

1998 - NOAA is a major participant in the UN International Year of the Ocean.

1999 - Modernization of the NOAA National Weather Service completed; Sustainable Seas Expedition begins; NOAA Ship Ronald H. Brown returns from round-the-world atmospheric research cruise.

2000 - 30th Anniversary of NOAA; 40th anniversary of TIROS satellite; 50th Anniversary of NOAA Ship John N. Cobb; scheduled launch of NOAA-L satellite, NOAA Central Library declared Federal Library of the Year by the Library of Congress.

Publication of the National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), NOAA Central Library.

Last Updated: June 8, 2006 9:24 AM

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