FIELD ARTILLERY BRIGADE
OF THE SILVER STAR MEDAL
the provisions of Army Regulations 600-45 as amended,
a Silver Star is awarded to the following named personnel:
DAVID M. WHIPP, K-100010, 1st Field Observation
Battalion. For gallantry in action. From 14 March to 24
March 1943, during the attack on El Guettar, Tunisia,
with complete disregard for his own personal
safety, Lt. Whipp proceeded in advance of the Infantry
to establish survey control for all of the Artillery to
be engaged in this attack. By his actions Lt. Whipp accomplished
this survey control two (2) days prior to the time that
our Artillery occupied these positions, despite heavy
enemy shell fire.
*** April 1943 near Korian, Tunisia, Lt. Whipp was assigned
the mission of establishing the survey control of a forward
Flash Ranging Observation Post. After setting up his survey
instruments at the O.P., which was under fire from enemy
artillery, Lt. Whipp observed an enemy battery. Though
not a trained artilleryman, he contacted the Corps Artillery
fire direction center by radio and called for fire on
the enemy battery. He succeeded in neutralizing this and
other enemy batteries comprising a battalion of Artillery.
By his coolness, courage, and devotion to duty Lt. Whipp
was an inspiration to his men and is deserving of the
highest praise, exemplifying the highest traditions of
United States Armed forces.
By command of Brigadier General CRANE:
1st Lt., 13th F. A. Brigade,
for Legion of Merit
THEATER OF OPERATIONS
OF LEGION OF MERIT
NUMBER 16 24 January 1945
M. WHIPP, K-100010, Captain, (then Lieutenant),
States Coast and Geodetic Survey, First Field Artillery
Observation Battalion, for exceptionally meritorious conduct
in the performance of outstanding services in North Africa,
Sicily, Italy, and Southern France from 1 March 1943 to
14 September 1944. As Survey Officer during five major
campaigns, Captain Whipp performed in an outstanding manner,
the vital missions of furnishing survey to all the artillery
of the Corps to which his unit was assigned. Despite the
difficulties arising from operating on extremely wide
fronts in rapidly moving tactical situations, Captain
Whipp never failed to provide, on time, the precise survey
data essential to efficient massing of artillery fires.
This data was readily furnished in spite of difficulties
of performing the precise work and calculations required
often under shell fire, adverse weather and many trying
situations. By his ability to forecast the survey needs
of the artillery well in advance of requirements he was
able to collect all available information and plan his
survey so that when the terrain was reached the most accurate
survey was available on the ground at any required point.
Captain Whipp's entire service was characterized by his
skillful and precise work, aggressive action, and a high
devotion to duty. Entered service from Romney, West Virginia.
command of Lieutenant General McNARNEY:
Brigadier General, GSC,
Chief of Staff.
for Croix de Guerre with Gold Star
General Juin, Commandant of the Corps Expeditionnaire
Order of the Army Corps,
1st Field Artillery Observation Battalion, U.S. Army.
Unit of Observation and Ranging. Under the command of
Colonel G. D. Ellerson, F. A. 019759 for relentless pursuing
of the enemy through the winter campaign on heights covered
with snow and rain at MONNA CASALE and MONNA ACQUAFONDATA:
their sound and flash posts furnished throughout the day
and night, the essential information for counterbattery
11 May 1944, they have furnished to the Artillery of the
Corps Expeditionnaire Francais an exact topography, locations
by sound and flash of numerous enemy materiel and movements,
with an admirable spirit and much hard work, in spite
of losses of personnel and equipment.
citation bestows the privilege of the Croix de Guerre
with gold star.
P. le Lt-Colonel MISSIONER
Chef du Ier Bureau