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James Bowen Baylor, hydrographic and geodetic engineer, U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, retired, died at Buxton, Maryland, at the home of his daughter, Mrs. Edward Fisher, on May 23, 1924, at 75. He was one of the oldest officers of the Survey and one of the few survivors of the cadets of the Virginia Military Institute who fought at the battle of Newmarket. James Bowen Baylor was born in Mirador, Albemarle County, Virginia, May 30, 1849. He was educated at the Virginia Military Institute, and at the University of Virginia, was a graduate of both institutions, and received degrees from both.

He entered the Coast Survey as temporary aid January 10, 1873, was made a subassistant July 24, 1879; assistant August 1, 1886; hydrographic and geodetic engineer with relative rank of Lieutenant in the Navy May 18, 1920, and was retired June 4, 1920. As an engineer he was intrusted with numerous important missions, among them being the resurvey of the boundary line between the United States and Canada in conjunction with the officials of the Dominion Government. He also made surveys of the Louisiana and Virginia oyster beds, and his findings in the latter have been cited in determining disputes between the states of Maryland and Virginia. In 1902 Mr. Baylor was appointed as commissioner by the Supreme Court of the United States to trace the boundary between Virginia and Tennessee, and also undertook similar work with respect to Pennsylvania and New York. He was engaged at various times in magnetic observations extending over the greater part of the United States. He was the author of numerous reports on scientific subjects.

Mr. Baylor inherited from his father, Newmarket, an estate in Virginia, originally granted to his family by King George I, which has remained in the family for 200 years. He was a member of the Society of the Cincinnati, the Metropolitan, Cosmos, and Army and Navy Clubs of Washington, and the Westmoreland Club, of Richmond, Virginia. Mr. Baylor married January 5, 1885, Ellen C. Bruce (now deceased). Surviving him are two daughters, Mrs. Pelham Blackford of Richmond, Virginia, and Mrs. Edward Fisher, and a son, John Baylor of Washington.

C&GS Bulletin 5/1924

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