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the origins and early history of the steamer albatross, 1880 - 1887
by Dean C. Allard

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Foot Notes

1. Often referred to as the U.S. Fish Commission or just Fish Commission. For general accounts of Baird and the Fish Commission see Allard (1978), Dall (1915), Galtsoff (1962), and Rivinus and Youseff (1992).
2. Goode is quoted in Osborn (1901:22). For general background on deep-sea exploration in the 19th century, see Goode and Bean (1895:I, iii-viii) and Smith (1888:873-1017).
3. Baird to Verrill, 7 Dec. 1880, USFC Letters Sent Record Group 22, U.S. Natl. Archiv. A valuable overall source on the Albatross is Hedgpeth (1945) which includes a useful chronology prepared by Waldo L. Schmitt.
4 Baird to Charles W. Coperland, 22 Oct. 1881, USFC Letters Sent, Record Group 22, U.S. Natl. Archiv.
5. For the importance of the mackerel fishery see USFC (1884:xxv-xxxi).
6. Baird to E. G. Blackford, 1 Sept. 1881, USFC Letters Sent, Record Group 22, U.S. Natl. Archiv.
7.
For Examples of Baird’s extensive trading activities with other museums, see Baird to C. Lutken (Royal Zoological Museum, Copenhagen), 14 Feb. 1887; and Baird to E. Frey (Swiss Minister to United States), 8 Mar. 1887, both in USFC Letters Sent, Record Group 22, U.S. Natl. Archiv.
8.
The Secretary of War’s position is indicated in Baird to Congressman S. J. McMillan, 8 Jan. 1883, USFC Letters Sent, Record Group 22, U.S. Natl. Archiv. For the development of the Woods Hole station see Allard (1978:321-323).
9.
Another basic source for the Albatross’s operations is the ship’s deck log 1 Jan. 1884 through Dec. 1887 (the author has not located earlier deck logs) held in Record Group 24, U.S. National Institution Archives contains some of the ship’s scientific logs for the 1880’s. periodic reports to the ship’s resident naturalist, are in the Smithsonian’s Record Unit 7438.
10.
Another example of commanding officer-scientist acrimony was the conflict in 1902 between a later commander of the Albatross (Chauncy Thomas, Jr.) and the naturalist Charles Henry Gilbert, as reviewed by Dunn, 1996.
11. Albatross Deck Logs, 30 Aug. 1885 and 22 Aug. 1886, Record Group 24, U.S. Natl. Archiv.
12.
Tanner’s annual reports (USFC, 1884-87) often included separate accounts by Engineer Baird. There was no family relationship between this naval officer and Spencer Baird, according to Linton (1927:10).
13.
Baird to Tanner, 9 Dec. 1884, USFC Letters Sent, Record Group 22, U.S. Natl. Archiv.
14.
Albatross Deck Log, June-Oct. 1885, Record Group 24, U.S. Natl. Archiv.
15.
Albatross Deck Log, Oct. 1885, Record Group 24, U.S. Natl. Archiv.
16.
Engineer Baird’s account is in Tanner (1890:418-435); see also USFC (1889:1ii-liv).
17.

For information on Brooks, see Allen (1978:36-50).

Allard, D.C. 1978. Spencer Fullerton Baird and the U.S. Fish Commission. Arno Press, N.Y., 424 p.




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Last Updated: June 8, 2006 9:24 AM

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