referred to as the U.S. Fish Commission or just Fish Commission.
For general accounts of Baird and the Fish Commission see
Allard (1978), Dall (1915), Galtsoff (1962), and Rivinus
and Youseff (1992).
is quoted in Osborn (1901:22). For general background on
deep-sea exploration in the 19th century, see Goode and
Bean (1895:I, iii-viii) and Smith (1888:873-1017).
to Verrill, 7 Dec. 1880, USFC Letters Sent Record Group
22, U.S. Natl. Archiv. A valuable overall source on the
Albatross is Hedgpeth (1945) which includes a useful chronology
prepared by Waldo L. Schmitt.
to Charles W. Coperland, 22 Oct. 1881, USFC Letters Sent,
Record Group 22, U.S. Natl. Archiv.
the importance of the mackerel fishery see USFC (1884:xxv-xxxi).
to E. G. Blackford, 1 Sept. 1881, USFC Letters Sent, Record
Group 22, U.S. Natl. Archiv.
Examples of Baird’s extensive trading activities with
other museums, see Baird to C. Lutken (Royal Zoological
Museum, Copenhagen), 14 Feb. 1887; and Baird to E. Frey
(Swiss Minister to United States), 8 Mar. 1887, both in
USFC Letters Sent, Record Group 22, U.S. Natl. Archiv.
Secretary of War’s position is indicated in Baird
to Congressman S. J. McMillan, 8 Jan. 1883, USFC Letters
Sent, Record Group 22, U.S. Natl. Archiv. For the development
of the Woods Hole station see Allard (1978:321-323).
basic source for the Albatross’s operations is the
ship’s deck log 1 Jan. 1884 through Dec. 1887 (the
author has not located earlier deck logs) held in Record
Group 24, U.S. National Institution Archives contains some
of the ship’s scientific logs for the 1880’s.
periodic reports to the ship’s resident naturalist,
are in the Smithsonian’s Record Unit 7438.
example of commanding officer-scientist acrimony was the
conflict in 1902 between a later commander of the Albatross
(Chauncy Thomas, Jr.) and the naturalist Charles Henry Gilbert,
as reviewed by Dunn, 1996.
Deck Logs, 30 Aug. 1885 and 22 Aug. 1886, Record Group 24,
U.S. Natl. Archiv.
annual reports (USFC, 1884-87) often included separate accounts
by Engineer Baird. There was no family relationship between
this naval officer and Spencer Baird, according to Linton
to Tanner, 9 Dec. 1884, USFC Letters Sent, Record Group
22, U.S. Natl. Archiv.
Deck Log, June-Oct. 1885, Record Group 24, U.S. Natl. Archiv.
Deck Log, Oct. 1885, Record Group 24, U.S. Natl. Archiv.
Baird’s account is in Tanner (1890:418-435); see also
information on Brooks, see Allen (1978:36-50).
D.C. 1978. Spencer Fullerton Baird and the U.S. Fish Commission.
Arno Press, N.Y., 424 p.