born October 7, 1858. In 1884 he was appointed a "junior professor"
in the Office of the Chief Signal Officer of the U. S. Army, where
he remained until the establishment of the Weather Bureau in 1891.
After this date he served as "professor of meteorology" until
1913, when following the recommendation of the National Academy
of Sciences, President Wilson appointed him chief of the Weather
Bureau, a position he held until his retirement in 1934, after
50 years of service.
Dr. Marvin's principal scientific contributions were in the
designing, construction and standardizing of meteorological
instruments of many kinds. For nearly every weather element,
he developed one or more measuring or automatically recording
devices, either original or modified, designed to improve the
accuracy and completeness of meteorological observations and
records. One of his most important contributions in this connection,
and also one of his earliest, was the experimental evaluation
of the constants in humidity equations and the construction
of humidity tables.
Of all meteorological instruments, however, the Robinson cup
anemometer seemed to fascinate him most. He worked on it and
wrote about it, from early in his career with the Weather Bureau
until years after his retirement. Another of the studies and
one of particular significance in early systematic investigation
of the upper air was the design and construction of kites and
kite instruments. He also devised the Marvin pyrheliometer and
inaugurated the regular measurement of solar radiation intensity
by the Weather Bureau. His interest in instruments lead him
to design a seismograph which was constructed and operated at
the Central Office in Washington during the period that the
Weather Bureau was assigned the duty of collecting seismological
Dr. Marvin was also particularly interested in the application
of mathematical statistics to meteorological problems and his
published papers include many articles on this subject. -- E.
Charles F. Marvin, former Chief of the Weather Bureau for 21
years, who retired at the termination of August 31, 1934, died
at Doctors Hospital, Washington, D.C., on June 5, 1943, after
about a month's illness. A notice of his retirement and a record
of his service and achievements will be found in Topics and
Personnel for August 1934.
[Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society,
Volume 26, June, 1945. P. 237.]
[Weather Bureau Topics and Personnel,
Sophie Beuter Marvin,
wife of Dr. Charles F. Marvin, former Chief of the Weather Bureau
for 21 years, died at her home in Washington, D.C., on February
Marvin, who was secretary to the Chiefs of the Weather Bureau
for 38 years, came to the Bureau in December 1893. She resigned
in November 1932 at the time of her marriage to Dr. Marvin.
Prior to her service in the Weather Bureau she had been secretary
to Jeremiah McL. Rusk, Secretary of Agriculture during the administration
of President Benjamin Harrison, and to J. Sterling Morton, Secretary
of Agriculture during President Cleveland's administration.
[Weather Bureau Topics and Personnel, April
Mr. Alfred S. Mason,
telegrapher at the Central Office, died at his home in Washington,
D. C., on September 8, 1940. He was born in Washington, D. C.,
on March 22, 1876. Mr. Mason entered the Weather Bureau service
at the Central Office as telegraph operator on May 4, 1919, and
continued to service in Washington until the time of his death.
Prior to his coming to the Weather Bureau he served in the U.
S. Army in the Phillippines from 1900 to 1903, in the Signal Service
during 1914, and in the Ordnance Department 1917 to 1918.
[Weather Bureau Topics and Personnel, September
- Born October 23, 1842, in Morrow County, Ohio; enlisted in the
Signal Corps December 25, 1874, and served about two years; reenlisted
November 14, 1878; was appointed civilian clerk October 2, 1888;
transferred to Weather Bureau July 1, 1891; and served at Central
Office since that time. [Retirement announcement.] -- July
Paul F. Maxwell,
of the Wagon Wheel Gap station, was killed by a snowslide on March
5, 1923, while making a tour of duty through the snow-fields.
Mr. Maxwell was born June 21, 1892, at Salt Lake City, Utah. He
entered the service May 16, 1914, and was stationed successively
at Yellowstone Park, North Head, New Haven, and Wagon Wheel Gap,
having been at the last named place since October, 1921. This
deplorable accident takes from the bureau a capable and promising
young man who was engaged in important scientific work. --
William D. Maxwell, retired, died April 27, 1930,
at Baker, Oreg., where he had been in charge for the last twelve
years of a service of more than 48 years in the Signal Corps and
Weather Bureau. A brief outline of such service may be found in
"TOPICS" for March of 1927.
[Weather Bureau Topics and Personnel, April
hand compositor (journeyman) at the Central Office,
was retired at the termination of September 5, 1946, on account
of disability. He was born in Brooklyn, N.Y., on June 6, 1878.
Mr. Mayer entered the Weather Bureau as senior lithographer,
mechanical, on May 6, 1940, and served at the Central Office
until his retirement.
Bureau Topics and Personnel, October 1946, p.72]